Special Educational Needs and Disability

Find out how you can support learners with additional needs in our growing collection of articles and resources written by specialists. Topics include dyslexia, handwriting, sensory processing, dyspraxia and more.


Christian Vögeli is the founder of Dybuster, a training software package for children with dyslexia and dyscalculia based on neuro-scientific models. Here, he discusses common signs of dyscalculia, many of which are often missed.

by Christian Vögeli
4th August 2020



Some learning disabilities have received more attention than others. Educators are generally aware of dyslexia, autism, and ADHD. However many teachers and parents have never heard of dyscalculia, sometimes referred to as 'dyslexia with mathematics'.... read more



Deborah Smith is a highly experienced paediatric occupational therapist with over 30 years’ experience working in the NHS, social care, education and the private sector. She carries out treatment sessions with children both within their education setting and at home. She also provides occupational therapy expert witness reports used in legal proceedings. Here Deborah offers her advice on how to support students who have difficulties with their handwriting.

by Deborah Smith
19th December 2019



The advent of technology has led to differences in children’s fine motor skills. Many children spend time on electronic devices rather than playing with Play-Doh and jigsaws, or playing outside. Limiting opportunities for manual dexterity could be a factor... read more



Hannah Snowsill is an occupational therapist with over 20 years’ experience working across the NHS, education and independently. Hannah has a special interest in sensory processing and the long-term effects of trauma. Based in north Wiltshire, Hannah works as a case manager, is an expert for medicolegal casework and has a small independent practice. Here she explores sensory processing in the context of the classroom.

by Hannah Snowsill
9th October 2019



What is sensory processing?  Sensory processing is the ability to organise information received into the brain from the senses both from one’s own body and from the environment around us. This ability to process and synthesise the sensory information,... read more



Deborah Smith is a highly experienced paediatric occupational therapist with over 30 years’ experience working in the NHS, social care, education and the private sector. She carries out treatment sessions with children both within their education setting and at home. She also provides occupational therapy expert witness reports used in legal proceedings. Here she discusses the components of dyspraxia and how you might identify a student with dyspraxia.

by Deborah Smith
9th October 2019



Dyspraxia – the cause and symptoms There is no known cause for dyspraxia and the statistics are unknown. Symptoms can be particularly marked around the time of a growth spurt, as it takes a while to acclimatise to the new size and shape of the body.... read more



Tracy Godfroy is a child psychotherapist and clinical supervisor with 20 years' experience working with young people who have experienced complex trauma, abuse and neglect. Hannah Snowsill is an occupational therapist with over 20 years’ experience working in the NHS, education and independently; her special interest is in sensory processing and the long-term effects of trauma. Here, they share their advice for identifying and responding to students who display unhealthy patterns of attachment.

by Tracy Godfroy and Hannah Snowsill
9th October 2019



What is attachment behaviour? The ideal learning environment probably consists of an inspirational and hardworking teaching team and a mixed collection of students that each has a good capacity to emotionally regulate and stay focused on their learning... read more



Malcolm Litten, tutor, trainer and consultant in assistive technology offers advice on a range of free tools to help dyslexic students who are struggling to master literacy skills.

by Malcolm Litten
5th August 2019



Statistics tell us that one in 20 children is significantly affected by dyslexia so we are all working with students whose ability to read rapidly and accurately is compromised by this condition. Despite the prevalence of dyslexia, not every school... read more



Malcolm Litten is a tutor, trainer and consultant in assistive technology. Here he explores the tools available to help dyslexic students who struggle with writing.

by Malcolm Litten
1st August 2019



As teachers, we have all come across students who can talk a good answer but cannot reproduce that quality when writing. It can be puzzling that a student clearly has the knowledge and understanding and the powers of expression, yet these appear to evaporate... read more



Dr Gavin Reid is an award-winning author who has written numerous books on dyslexia. He shares his top ideas and strategies for working effectively with dyslexic students.

by Gavin Reid
28th June 2018



It is important for all teachers to have some knowledge of dyslexia; it can be a misunderstood term as there are a number of myths about the characteristics of dyslexia that can mislead teachers and parents. Although there are still debates on dyslexia,... read more



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